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Types of companies
Revision as of 12:31, 18 March 2005
2,260 bytes added
12:31, 18 March 2005
#Hello again mush!
#Hello again mush!
#Report On Legislation
Data Protection Act
The Data Protection Act came into action in 1984, which made it illegal for businesses to pass on information on their customers as this could be used for illegal purposes.
The Data Protection Act covers information when it is gathered, stored, processed and disclosed. It also only shows the companies the knowledge they need to know about you.
Information like address details are shown for something like membership details. This information couldn’t be given out to other companies, but could be kept in the records for future registration if it was agreed by the customer.
Computer Misuse Act
The Computer Misuse Act came into action in 1990 enforcing the right to have data remain safe and free from attack from external users.
Ways of breaking the Act are by gaining unauthorised access to computer material, Unauthorised access with intent to commit or facilitate commission of further offences and Unauthorised modification of remote data.
In basic terms this means you are committing an offence if you send or distribute viruses, remote attacking with Trojan horses or steal personal information through the use of key loggers.
Copyright Designs and Patents Act
The Copyright Act protects all software (Designs) and patents (hardware.) This makes it illegal to copy software and use hardware patents, without the permissions from the creator.
Copying software is relatively easy and many people break this law, but few are found out. You are allowed to make 1 personal backup in case your copy of the software gets damaged or just doesn’t work.
Films which are first released in cinemas are about 6 months earlier than DVD releases so people try to record these from the cinema. Due to this law, it is illegal, and now shows a warning at the beginning of each film. Copyrighting isn’t all computerised as you can copy books which are copyrighted and names which are copyrighted.
Health and Safety Act
The Health and Safety Act makes the flaws in offices and areas of computer use an offence if they do not reach a certain standard.
If there are trailing cables then it must be notified to everyone in that workplace as they then are warned and any damage done to themselves is their fault.
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